“There is therefore now no condemnation to those who are in Christ Jesus, who do not walk according to the flesh, but according to the Spirit.” 

– Romans 8:1


In Romans 7 and 8 there are contrasts. In Romans 7 there is a struggle with sin within due to self-reliance. In Romans 8 there is successful sanctification over sin due to reliance on the Spirt. In Romans 7 there is heavy guilt. In Romans 8 there is no condemnation because one is in a relationship with Christ Jesus. In Romans 7 there is calamity and confusion. In Romans 8 there is calm and clarity. In Romans 7 we find the personal pronouns “I” occurs 32 times, “me” 12 times, “my” 4 times, and “myself” once. In Romans 8 “I” occurs twice, “me” once, and “my” and “myself” do not occur. These personal pronouns occur 49 times in Romans 7 but only 3 times in Romans 8. Lastly, in Romans 1-7 the word Spirit occurs four times. In Romans 8 “Spirit” occurs twenty times. Romans 7 and 8 are a contrast in life according to self versus life in the Spirit. At the end of Romans 7 Paul speaks of himself as a “wretched man.” At the end of Romans 8 Paul speaks of being “more than a conqueror.” Which chapter are you living in your life? I pray we all live in Romans 8.

Before we proceed in this great chapter, and so no one is left out, we should consider how the door is opened to someone to enter this experience. Entering Romans 8 is as simple as ABC: ADMIT / BELIEVE / COMMIT. First ADMIT you are a sinner whose sin offends Holy God because of the pain it causes. ASK God to forgive your sin, not because of your good works, but because you BELIEVE Jesus died for your sins on the cross to pay your sin wage of death, and that He rose from the dead as proof of that. Lastly, CALL ON AND COMMIT your life to the LORD, to live for Him as your LORD, get to know Him and grow in your faith through prayer, Bible Study, fellowship, and service. We are saved from our sins and forgiven by God when we admit our sins, ask His forgiveness through faith in Jesus. The evidence of the genuineness and reality of this conversion is in the transformation in our life. Romans 8 is how Christian’s should live. We enter into such living by first admitting our sins and asking God’s forgiveness, believing in Jesus as our Savior, and committing our lives to Him as our LORD. Have you done this? Are you forgiven? Do you believe in Jesus? Are you living in the Spirit for Him? Are you in Romans 7 or Romans 8?

The material in Romans 8 is a response to the condition described by Paul at the end of Romans 7 where he is inspired to testify:

Romans 7:22-25 – “For I delight in the law of God according to the inward man.23 But I see another law in my members, warring against the law of my mind, and bringing me into captivity to the law of sin which is in my members.24 O wretched man that I am! Who will deliver me from this body of death?25 I thank God—through Jesus Christ our Lord! So then, with the mind I myself serve the law of God, but with the flesh the law of sin.”

Jesus and our relationship with (i.e., “in”) Him are the only avenue of escape and deliverance from the war between the natures that rages within us. The path of sanctification in the Spirit and deliverance from this embattled condition is what follows in Romans 8.

“There is therefore now . . .”

Romans 8:1a – “There is therefore now . . .

Notice, the italicized words “There is,” were inserted by the translators for grammatical purposes, but in the original manuscript of the Greek this section starts off simply with the word, “therefore.”

Whenever you see the word, “therefore,” the student of the Bible should ask, “What is ‘therefore,’ there for?” In this case it links what follows with what Paul has previously spoken about. In other words, those who are in Christ, in the Spirit, relying by faith in Christ’s completed work, and not trying to please God in their own fleshly strength, are not condemned.

What Paul speaks of here is the “now” of the believer. Paul has described the “wretched” state of trying to live the sanctified life by keeping a set of rules or “law” in one’s own strength. He “now” turns to the present possibility ready to be received by faith by every believer.

“No Condemnation”

Romans 8:1b – “There is therefore now no condemnation . . ..”

What is “condemnation”? “Condemnation” (Greek katarkrima) here means, “an adverse sentence or verdict; condemnation, punishment.” [1]   Condemnation is the result of sin (Matthew 12:37; 27:3; Romans 5:18-19). Condemnation is an adverse sentence pronounced by a judge. It is the declaration and pronouncement of “guilty!” at a court proceeding that has reached its determination stage.

Who is condemned?

Before we consider who is not condemned, we should consider who is condemned. The Bible says that those who are living in sin, who have yet to accept Jesus by faith as their Savior and Lord, are under condemnation. This is a truth spelled out clearly throughout the Bible. Read just a few of the scriptural support for such a statement:

Matthew 12:34-37 – “Brood of vipers! How can you, being evil, speak good things? For out of the abundance of the heart the mouth speaks.35 “A good man out of the good treasure of his heart brings forth good things, and an evil man out of the evil treasure brings forth evil things.36 “But I say to you that for every idle word men may speak, they will give account of it in the day of judgment.37 “For by your words you will be justified, and by your words you will be condemned.”

John 3:18-19 – “He who believes in Him is not condemned; but he who does not believe is condemned already, because he has not believed in the name of the only begotten Son of God.19 “And this is the condemnation, that the light has come into the world, and men loved darkness rather than light, because their deeds were evil.”  (See Matthew 25:41-46)

Romans 5:12,16,18 – “Therefore, just as through one man sin entered the world, and death through sin, and thus death spread to all men, because all sinned— . . . 16 And the gift is not like that which came through the one who sinned. For the judgment which came from one offense resulted in condemnation, but the free gift which came from many offenses resulted in justification. . .. 18 Therefore, as through one man’s offense judgment came to all men, resulting in condemnation, even so through one Man’s righteous act the free gift came to all men, resulting in justification of life.”

Humanity is therefore born under condemnation, (though I believe an infant or young child, should they die, are not condemned to eternal death but through the blood of Jesus are saved eternally due to their innocence or inability to reason, understand or grasp the gospel to receive it; this would be true of mentally challenged people as well) and should they persist in their sin rejecting Jesus they will die in their sins and be sentenced to eternal death, separation from God in hell at the Great White Throne Judgment (Revelation 21).

Degrees of Condemnation

The Bible also tells us that there are degrees of condemnation. The condemned are all in the same predicament in that if their condemnation is not dealt with in Christ, they will all spend an eternity separate from God in hell. But there are degrees of condemnation. Those who have been given greater opportunity via greater time and revelation knowledge of the gospel, yet still persist to rebel and refuse Jesus and the gospel, those are under greater condemnation. Jesus said this in reference to the religious Pharisees who had the scriptures that spoke of Him yet persisted in rejecting Him, and He spoke it regarding those who had seen Him work and do miracles and remained hardened against Him:

Matthew 11:20-24 – “Then He began to rebuke the cities in which most of His mighty works had been done, because they did not repent:21 “Woe to you, Chorazin! Woe to you, Bethsaida! For if the mighty works which were done in you had been done in Tyre and Sidon, they would have repented long ago in sackcloth and ashes.22 “But I say to you, it will be more tolerable for Tyre and Sidon in the day of judgment than for you.23 “And you, Capernaum, who are exalted to heaven, will be brought down to Hades; for if the mighty works which were done in you had been done in Sodom, it would have remained until this day.24 “But I say to you that it shall be more tolerable for the land of Sodom in the day of judgment than for you.”

Matthew 23:14 – “Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you devour widows’ houses, and for a pretense make long prayers. Therefore you will receive greater condemnation.”  (See Matthew 5:20)

Jude 4 – “For certain men have crept in unnoticed, who long ago were marked out for this condemnation, ungodly men, who turn the grace of our God into lewdness and deny the only Lord God and our Lord Jesus Christ.”

Indeed, Paul was inspired to warn of this truth earlier in Romans when he was inspired to write:

Romans 2:1 – “Therefore you are inexcusable, O man, whoever you are who judge, for in whatever you judge another you condemn yourself; for you who judge practice the same things.”

Hypocrites, or those who say one thing and live another, those who know the truth, do not follow it themselves but hold others to it, their condemnation is greater.

No Condemnation

Jesus said He didn’t come into the world to condemn the world but to save it, but those who reject Him are condemned already:

John 3:16-18a – “For God so loved the world that He gave His only begotten Son, that whoever believes in Him should not perish but have everlasting life.17 “For God did not send His Son into the world to condemn the world, but that the world through Him might be saved.18 “He who believes in Him is not condemned; . . .”

Hearing and heeding the word of the Lord, believing in Jesus, is the only way to everlasting life and escape from judgment. Jesus said:

John 5:24 – “Most assuredly, I say to you, he who hears My word and believes in Him who sent Me has everlasting life, and shall not come into judgment, but has passed from death into life.”

These verses tell us that through faith in Jesus the Son and His word we can pass out from under the condemnation that sin brings, out from under the specter of judgment that is rightly and justly due the sinner, in can pass into “life,” eternal life. That is a profound verse.

Condemnation versus Conviction

We need to recognize the distinction between condemnation and conviction. The Holy Spirit convicts the sinner of their sin and exposes to them their need for salvation and a Savior, Jesus Christ. Conviction is aimed at drawing a person to God in hope. While the sinner is under the condemnation of God’s righteous judgment, God does not wield that condemnation to punish the sinner but rather refers to it as a warning to bring them home to Him.

Satan on the other hand uses condemnation to isolate and push people away from God, to discourage, demolish, and if possible, destroy people. Satan uses condemnation and guilt like a battering ram and bludgeon to make bloody the one who sins but seeks an answer to their sinful state. Therefore, it can be said, GOD CONVICTS THE SINNER OF SIN SEEKING TO SAVE HIM. SATAN CONDEMNS THE SINNER ABOUT SIN AIMING TO DESTROY HIM.

Those who ADMIT/ACKNOWLEDGE their sin before God and ACCEPT by faith that Jesus paid the penalty for sin on the cross in our place, are brought into a place where they are declared justified and have “no condemnation” as far as God is concerned. We need to see Christ on the cross for us, obtaining salvation for us.

No Condemnation “In Christ Jesus”

Romans 8:1c – “There is therefore now no condemnation to those who are in Christ Jesus, . . .”  

Notice that according to Romans 8:1 that there is no condemnation for those who are “in Christ Jesus.” Paul does not make allowance or present the possibility that condemnation brought by sin can be escaped through any other means than to be “in Christ Jesus.” There is no mention of good intentions (works), Buddha, Hindu gods, self-realization, Mary, the “god” within (New Agers), Allah, Muhammad, or any other option. Being “in Christ Jesus” is the ONLY WAY to escape the condemnation of God on the sinner.

This may sound repugnant in our day and age when the cult of toleration is the religion of the masses, it may not be acceptable to those who are willing to throw truth to the wind in favor of “keeping the peace” via a false acceptance; but that Jesus is the only way is the God revealed truth that if ignored leads to more condemnation.

This is not just an opinion of the author, but is supported by numerous scriptural evidences. Verses that support the exclusive necessity of being “in Christ” to be saved from condemnation are Romans 8:1 and:

John 10:1,7,9 – “Most assuredly, I say to you, he who does not enter the sheepfold by the door, but climbs up some other way, the same is a thief and a robber. . . 7 Then Jesus said to them again, “Most assuredly, I say to you, I am the door of the sheep. . . 9 “I am the door. If anyone enters by Me, he will be saved, and will go in and out and find pasture.”

John 14:6 – “Jesus said to him, “I am the way, the truth, and the life. No one comes to the Father except through Me.”

Acts 4:10-12 – “let it be known to you all, and to all the people of Israel, that by the name of Jesus Christ of Nazareth, whom you crucified, whom God raised from the dead, by Him this man stands here before you whole.11 “This is the ‘stone which was rejected by you builders, which has become the chief cornerstone.’12 “Nor is there salvation in any other, for there is no other name under heaven given among men by which we must be saved.”

Acts 13:38-39 – “Therefore let it be known to you, brethren, that through this Man [i.e. Jesus Christ] is preached to you the forgiveness of sins;39 “and by Him everyone who believes is justified from all things from which you could not be justified by the law of Moses.”

Galatians 1:3-10 – “Grace to you and peace from God the Father and our Lord Jesus Christ,4 who gave Himself for our sins, that He might deliver us from this present evil age, according to the will of our God and Father,5 to whom be glory forever and ever. Amen. 6 I marvel that you are turning away so soon from Him who called you in the grace of Christ, to a different gospel,7 which is not another; but there are some who trouble you and want to pervert the gospel of Christ.8 But even if we, or an angel from heaven, preach any other gospel to you than what we have preached to you, let him be accursed.9 As we have said before, so now I say again, if anyone preaches any other gospel to you than what you have received, let him be accursed.10 For do I now persuade men, or God? Or do I seek to please men? For if I still pleased men, I would not be a bondservant of Christ.”

There is simply no other way to find relief from the guilt of sin, forgiveness for our sin and the just condemnation due us because of it, than to come to Jesus by God’s grace through faith in Jesus. Jesus is the only way.

Why Is Jesus The Only Way?

First, Jesus is the only way because He alone was qualified to go to the cross and pay the just penalty for humanities’ sin. He alone did not sin but was blameless and therefore he when He went to the cross and gave Himself as a sacrifice for our sin and died, God pronounced His sacrifice acceptable and sufficient to meet His just requirements for the penalty for sin. God pronounced Christ’s sacrifice as acceptable and sufficient by way of the resurrection. Peter was inspired to write:

1 Peter 1:18-21 – “knowing that you were not redeemed with corruptible things, like silver or gold, from your aimless conduct received by tradition from your fathers,19 but with the precious blood of Christ, as of a lamb without blemish and without spot.20 He indeed was foreordained before the foundation of the world, but was manifest in these last times for you21 who through Him believe in God, who raised Him from the dead and gave Him glory, so that your faith and hope are in God.”

This could not be said of Buddha, Muhammad, or any other human in history. (In fact, the Koran testifies to the sinlessness of Jesus.) Only Jesus could go to the cross for you and me.

Second, the Father provided no other way. The night before Jesus went to the cross, He prayed in Gethsemane to the Father that if there was or could be any other way to work the salvation of humanity let it be. But the Father offered no other way. The gospel record indicates this in the following words:

Matthew 26:36-39,42,44 – “Then Jesus came with them to a place called Gethsemane, and said to the disciples, “Sit here while I go and pray over there.”37 And He took with Him Peter and the two sons of Zebedee, and He began to be sorrowful and deeply distressed.38 Then He said to them, “My soul is exceedingly sorrowful, even to death. Stay here and watch with Me.”39 He went a little farther and fell on His face, and prayed, saying, “O My Father, if it is possible, let this cup pass from Me; nevertheless, not as I will, but as You will.” 42 Again, a second time, He went away and prayed, saying, “O My Father, if this cup cannot pass away from Me unless I drink it, Your will be done.” . . . 44 So He left them, went away again, and prayed the third time, saying the same words.”

Not once, not twice, but three times Jesus made this petition to the Father and each time the silence of the Father asserted “there is no other way Son.”

To say there is another way is to deny the Father, deny His word, and to minimize and blaspheme the sacrifice of Jesus Christ. Not only that, but to present an alternative to Jesus to reach a state of “no condemnation” is to present a false gospel and false hope to the lost that will ultimately lead to their eternal condemnation in hell. Jesus is the only way.

Third, God provides one way so there can be no doubt. If there are many ways or undefined ways to attain “no condemnation” then there can be no certainty. God doesn’t want us to be in doubt or uncertain about how to remove our condemnation. God keeps it simple so that there can simply be no mistake or doubt in regard to freedom from condemnation in His Son. There is only one way out from under the press of condemnation and that gives us assurance. The Bible supports this when it states:

John 5:24 – “Most assuredly, I say to you, he who hears My word and believes in Him who sent Me has everlasting life, and shall not come into judgment, but has passed from death into life.”

1 John 5:13 – “These things I have written to you who believe in the name of the Son of God, that you may know that you have eternal life, and that you may continue to believe in the name of the Son of God.”

The single solitary way provided by God to “no condemnation in Christ Jesus” provides us with a clear and certain assurance of our salvation. There is no better way than Jesus; there is no other way, period.

In his book New Wine and the Babylonians Vine author Roger Oakland makes the following comment:

“. . . in 1986 [and subsequent years], at Assisi, Italy, the Vatican hosted many of the world’s religious leaders in a special day of prayer for peace. Buddhists, Hindus, animists, and “Christians” of various denominations gathered together by invitation of the pontiff from Rome. All prayed to the gods or goddesses of their choice. The pope who had called for this gathering never presented the gospel of Jesus Christ. Maybe that would have been a hindrance to the unity for peace that he was endeavoring to attain. . . One of the ways that Satan deceives people is to convince fallen man that the gospel has no validity. However, another effective way is to confuse the message so that people think they understand the gospel when they really do not. . .. The way to eternal life is very narrow. The wide way is the path of deception and there are many who travel this road. Jesus clearly said that He alone was ‘the way,’ the ‘narrow way.’” [2]

Jesus said:

Matthew 7:13-14 – “Enter by the narrow gate; for wide is the gate and broad is the way that leads to destruction, and there are many who go in by it.14 “Because narrow is the gate and difficult is the way which leads to life, and there are few who find it. . .”

Jesus is the One who tells us that there is only one way to find relief from condemnation, Himself; we have to take Him at His word.

“In Christ Jesus”

The phrase, “in Christ Jesus” or “in Christ” is a very important phrase in Paul’s writings. “In Christ Jesus” refers to the position and relationship we have with God through faith in Christ Jesus.

The phrase “in Christ” occurs 13 times in the epistle to the Romans (3:24; 6:11,23; 8:1,2,39; 9:1; 12:5; 15:17; 16:3,7,9,10). In Paul’s writings, “in Christ” occurs 84 times. “By Christ” occurs four times in Paul’s writings (1 Corinthians 1:4; Galatians 2:17; Ephesians 3:21; Philippians 4:19). The phrase “through Christ” occurs five times in Paul’s writings (2 Corinthians 1:5; 3:4; Galatians 4:7; Philippians 4:7,13). “In Him” occurs 24 times in Paul’s writings. “Through Him” occurs 7 times in Paul’s writings (Romans 1:5; 5:9; 8:37; 11:36; Ephesians 2:18; Colossians 1:16; 3:17). These are all phrases which point to a relationship between Jesus and the believer.

“Every spiritual blessing . . . in Christ”

The importance of the phrase “in Christ” is seen in the way it is used in Paul’s epistle to the Ephesians where it states:

Ephesians 1:3 – “Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who has blessed us with every spiritual blessing in the heavenly places in Christ,”

All our spiritual blessings come to us “in Christ,” that is, in our relationship with Jesus Christ. What are some of these blessings?

  1. A Christian’s faithfulness is determined in terms of faith “in Christ” (Ephesians 1:1).
  2. We are chosen “in Him” before the foundation of the world (Ephesians 1:4).
  3. “In Him” we have redemption (Ephesians 1:7).
  4. God’s will and purpose are realized “in Christ” (Ephesians 1:10).
  5. “In Him” we have an eternal inheritance (Ephesians 1:11).
  6. We receive the seal of the Spirit when we trust “in Him” (Ephesians 1:13).
  7. God’s glory is praised “in Christ” (Ephesians 1:12).
  8. God’s power is realized “in Christ” (Ephesians 1:19-20).
  9. Our position in heaven is “in Christ Jesus” (Ephesians 2:6).
  10. We see the exceeding riches of His grace “in Christ Jesus” (Ephesians 2:7).
  11. Christians are “created in Christ Jesus” (Ephesians 2:10).
  12. We have access to God “in Christ Jesus” (Ephesians 2:13).
  13. “Through Him” we have access by one spirit to the Father (Ephesians 2:18).
  14. Gentiles partake of God’s salvation promise “in Christ” (Ephesians 3:6).
  15. God’s eternal purpose is accomplished “in Christ Jesus” (Ephesians 3:11).
  16. “In Him” we have boldness and access to God (Ephesians 3:12).
  17. We receive forgiveness of sins “in Christ” (Ephesians 4:32).

Jesus said:

John 10:10b – “I have come that they may have life, and that they may have it more abundantly.”

We come to realize and experience the abundant life Jesus promised through our abiding relationship with Him. Which leads us to another term we should consider that expresses our relationship with Jesus.

Abiding “in Christ”

Another word used to describe our relationship with Jesus is the word “abide.” Jesus said:

John 8:31-32 – “Then Jesus said to those Jews who believed Him, “If you abide in My word, you are My disciples indeed.32 “And you shall know the truth, and the truth shall make you free.”

John 15:1-11 – ““I am the true vine, and My Father is the vinedresser. 2 Every branch in Me that does not bear fruit He takes away; and every branch that bears fruit He prunes, that it may bear more fruit. 3 You are already clean because of the word which I have spoken to you. 4 Abide in Me, and I in you. As the branch cannot bear fruit of itself, unless it abides in the vine, neither can you, unless you abide in Me.5 “I am the vine, you are the branches. He who abides in Me, and I in him, bears much fruit; for without Me you can do nothing. 6 If anyone does not abide in Me, he is cast out as a branch and is withered; and they gather them and throw them into the fire, and they are burned. 7 If you abide in Me, and My words abide in you, you will ask what you desire, and it shall be done for you. 8 By this My Father is glorified, that you bear much fruit; so you will be My disciples. 9 “As the Father loved Me, I also have loved you; abide in My love. 10 If you keep My commandments, you will abide in My love, just as I have kept My Father’s commandments and abide in His love. 11 “These things I have spoken to you, that My joy may remain in you, and that your joy may be full.

“Abide” is translated from the Greek term MENO which occurs 120 times in the New Testament and of those occurrences it is translated 61 times “abide,” 16 times “remain,” “dwell” 15 times, “continue” 11 times, “tarry” nine times, “endure” three times, and translated miscellaneously five times.” [3] The word “abide” therefore means we stick to Jesus, and we stick to Jesus by faith or trust in Him. In the above verses we see that Jesus defined His disciples as those who stick to His word (John 8:31; 15:7), stick to Him (John 15:4,5,6,7), and stick or abide to His love (John 15:9,10). Jesus tells us that abiding in Him and His word makes Him full of joy and puts His joy fully in us (John 15:11).

“In Christ” and Jesus’ call to “abide” in Him are equivalent ways to refer to a saving personal relationship with Him. AS YOU ARE “IN CHRIST JESUS” YOU ARE UNDER “NO CONDEMNATION.”

Do Not Walk According to the Flesh

Romans 8:1d – “There is therefore now no condemnation to those who are in Christ Jesus, who do not walk according to the flesh, . . ..” 

The one who is not condemned is the one who doesn’t walk in their flesh. We saw in our study on justification in Romans 3:19-5:21 that salvation is not based on a person’s works or personal effort, but the same is true of sanctification. The person who relies on their own understanding, their works, keeping the law and being religious will get no further in their walk with the Lord than to feel like a “wretched man” (Romans7). Those who walk according to their flesh are those who pursue God religiously and if you ever speak to one brought up in a religious environment they are always bound and burdened by guilt rooted in a fear of condemnation. They fear condemnation because they believe their righteousness is based on something they do. They walk around feeling condemned when in truth, in Christ Jesus, they are not. The one who walks in their flesh and trusts in a religious way of relating to God is motivated by guilt, fear, and condemnation and that is very sad because such a person will never realize the abundant life Jesus promised (John 10:10). Don’t walk according to your flesh, it isn’t worth it. There is a far better way.

Life According to the Holy Spirit

Romans 8:1e – “There is therefore now no condemnation to those who are in Christ Jesus, who do not walk according to the flesh, but according to the Spirit.”  

Now we come to the crux of this great chapter, it begins from the very first verse when it says, “according to the Spirit.” This great chapter is all about living the sanctified life by the Spirit.

It is only when you live your life according to the Holy Spirit that you will be set free from the condemnation of sin. Without the Spirit you always fall short, get frustrated and ultimately fail spiritually. Life in the Spirit is the only way to be more than a conqueror.

Jesus said that the Holy Spirit would “abide” with us forever:

John 14:15-16 – “If you love Me, keep My commandments. 16 And I will pray the Father, and He will give you another Helper, that He may abide with you forever”

What a tremendous promise and blessing. When Jesus said, “another Helper,” the term He used for “another” is the Greek term ALLOS (Strong’s #243) which means another of the same kind. In other words, when Jesus promised that “another Helper” would come, He was saying another just like Him. The Holy Spirit is just like Jesus in divine nature and Godhood and Jesus promises the presence of the Holy Spirit to the believer. The Holy Spirit abiding with us forever! And as we continue in our study of Romans 8, we’ll see just how great a blessing this is, to have the Holy Spirit abiding with us forever.

No condemnation, but a healthy conviction from the Spirit to make us aware of whether we are leaning to the flesh or to the Spirit in our walk. Let’s seek the LORD and prayerfully determine to walk in the Spirit not our flesh. Living in the Spirit leads to an abundant life, but more importantly, to a life that glorifies God. May God lead and empower us. In Jesus’ name. Amen!

[1]James Strong, New Strong’s dictionary of Hebrew and Greek words [computer file], electronic ed., Logos Library System, (Nashville: Thomas Nelson) 1997, c1996.

[2] Roger Oakland, New Wine Babylonian Vine, (Santa Ana, CA: Understand the Times, 2002) p60,61.

[3]Strong, J. 1996. The exhaustive concordance of the Bible: Showing every word of the test of the common English version of the canonical books, and every occurrence of each word in regular order. (electronic ed.). Woodside Bible Fellowship.: Ontario

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